Using the linguists’ interface

Basic search


Use the search examples function to select an example to view. Examples are grouped according to linguistic phenomena: for a full list of categories see here.

Select the example you want to view and click show on map. Each example is preceded by a code (e.g. E4); this may help you keep track of examples.

The map shows the mean scores for each location: darkest blue indicates that participants in this area definitely would use the example you selected, while the lightest blue indicates participants wouldn’t use the example you selected.



You can also click on a location to see the individual ratings given by the speakers.



You can refine your search by age to view ratings from older (65+) or younger (18-25) speakers.



You can also refine your search to only show locations where x people gave particular ratings. For example, if you want to see locations where at least 3 of 4 people gave He’s really big getting a rating of 4 or 5:



Other notes

All searches are stored under My search log in the sidebar. You can load your previous searches from here.

It is possible to download a .csv file of the judgment data underlying any map. Load the example you wish to view and then click Download map data (CSV).


Group statistics

You can view basic descriptive statistics for a feature in a particular dialect area under the Group statistics tab. Select the area you want to view and click Statistics. For example, this shows the descriptive statistics for He’s really big getting in the five locations in Caithness.



If you have restricted your search e.g. to only older speakers, you will only see descriptive statistics for the refined search you have conducted.

While we offer default dialect area groupings, you can also create your own groups which will be saved in your own browser. Select Create a group and click on the locations on the map that you would like to include in your group.



You can then name and save your group, which will remain stored in your browser.



More complex searches


It is also possible to carry out Boolean searches for multiple attributes by selecting Add another example.


and search

A simple and search will display the mean ratings for the combination of attributes you have selected. You can click on a location to see the individual ratings given for each example by each participant.



or search

Using an or search in combination with a refining of the scores setting will display locations where people did, or did not, meet that criteria. If you do not set the scores criteria, this will only show whether or not participants in a location rated the example.

For example, this search shows where 3 of 4 participants rated either He’s really big getting or He’s dead angry getting 1 or 2. Each symbol represents a different combination (e.g. dark blue hexagons indicate that 3 of 4 participants rated both examples 1 or 2; pink hexagons indicate that 3 of 4 participants rated He’s dead angry getting 1 or 2, but He’s really big getting did not meet the criteria).



not search

Using a not search in combination with a refining of the scores setting will display locations where people rated one example in a particular way, and did not rate another example in a particular way. If you do not set the scores criteria, you will only be able to return locations where participants rated the first example, but did not rate the second example at all.

For example, this map shows where 2 or more speakers rated So he is as 4 or 5, but did not rate It’s a lovely day, so it is 4 or 5. Mean scores are presented for locations which meet the relevant criteria; locations that don’t meet the criteria are rendered as grey dots.